Suvorov’s transition through the Alps in 1799


The artist is Surikov

In the history of an unprecedented campaign under the command A. AT. Suvorov in the Swiss Alps, when Russia, in alliance with Austria, waged a war against France, Surikov chose one of the most dramatic moments: the passage through the Range Range. This picture occupies a special place in Surikov’s work: the color scheme changes from warm to cold, format – from horizontal to vertical, compositional principle – fragmentation instead of balance. Surikov not only fixes the impression of the alpine mountains in which he painted sketches for the picture, but also conveys the dramatic meaning of what is happening. The transition through the Alps is a fall into the abyss, the crash, the shudder of the earth and the sky. Suvorov on a white horse – like a monument to himself. Around – the military delight of a thousand lives that obey it.

Surikov, as a genuine artist, fully fixes in the picture "Proselia in battle". „The main thing in the picture is movement. Courage is selfless. Submissive to the word of the commander, go, ”the artist explained his plan. He managed to show in the picture a single impulse, which covers the masses of people in response to the call of the commander, forcing warriors to make miracles of courage.

The end of the 18th century in Russian history was marked by the appearance of two important figures, the Maltese knights – the commander a. AT. Suvorov and Emperor Paul I. It is known that in 1799 Paul I, as a sign of respect for the merits of the commander, ordered to erect a lifetime monument to Suvorov. Despite the inexplicable disgrace, which Suvorov was subjected to the construction of the monument were not stopped, and on May 5, 1801, after the death of the emperor the monument was erected on the Marse Field (during the reign of Emperor Alexander I, the monument was transferred to the square between the marble palace and the house of Count Saltykov (now Suvorovskaya Square).

Italo -Swiss campaign – the pinnacle of the commander -in -law of Suvorov. In 1799, all of Europe applauded him, but in Russia he was not waiting for the triumph. On the way from Prague, Suvorov learned that there would be no solemn meeting of the winner and he would even be prohibited from entering the capital during the day. In the road cart, and not in the ceremonial carriage under the cover of twilight, he arrived in St. Petersburg, he was forbidden to visit the Winter Palace, his name disappeared from the pages of newspapers, he was deprived of his favorite adjutants. May 6, 1800 A. AT. Suvorov died. He was buried not as Generalissimus, but by the state of Field Marshal. Modern biographers are still looking for the reasons for the disagreements between two great people.

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