The entrance of Alexander Nevsky into Pskov after the ice battle


The artist is Serov

Grand Duke Alexander Nevsky (1220/1221 (?) – 1263)

The son of the Pereyaslavl-Zalessian and Novgorod prince Yaroslav Vsevolodovich, the grandson of the Grand Duke Vsevolod Big Nest. In 1236–1251 – Prince of Novgorod, from 1252 – Grand Duke Vladimir. He defeated the Swedes in 1240 (Battle of Neva) and defeated the German knights of the Livonian Order on Lake Peipsi in 1242 (Ice Battle), suspending Catholic expansion to Rus’. In confrontation with the West, he relied, in particular, on the support of the Golden Horde, in respect of which he pursued a careful and in his own way of a visionary policy of submission. For this, in fact, an alliance with the Mongol-Tatars, he was often criticized in historiography. Officially canonized by the Russian Orthodox Church in the face of the noble at the cathedral in 1547.

Electronic catalog "Heroes and villains of Russian history". SPb, 2010. With. 66.

On April 5, 1242, the squad of Alexander Nevsky defeated the army of the German crusaders of the Livonian Order on the ice of Lake Peipsi. In its scale, the ice battle was inferior not only by the Battle of Neva, but also by other battles of the era where Rus’ and Lithuania were smashed by the crusaders (Rakovora, near Shaulya). However, the participation of St. Alexander Nevsky gave this victory won by the Orthodox army over the Germans-Catholics, an important symbolic meaning. During the Great Patriotic War, the topic once again acquired relevance. In the picture of Serov, written in 1945, Alexander Nevsky and his squad are associated with the victorious Soviet army and its marshals. (P. To.)

Electronic catalog "Heroes and villains of Russian history". SPb, 2010. With. 69.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *